Training Tips

Training Tip #48 - Squats

When performing a back squat, don't let the barbell just rest on your shoulders. Instead, actively pull the bar into your upper back.

This not only helps you dictate the path of the bar (because it stops it from rolling off your back), it also helps you engage your lats and stabilize your core.



Training Tip #47 - RDL

When performing a Romanian Deadlift (RDL), actively pull the bar back and into the body with the lats.
This will help you maintain proper core stabilization throughout the entire range of motion of the movement.

Note: Not doing this is where most people "fail" on their RDL's. They let the arms simply hang, which in turn allows the lower back to round more easily.




Training Tip #46 - Squats

When setting up for the squat, make a "big fat belly" by filling your stomach with air and expanding your rib cage.


This technique will both stabilize your spine and give you a much better base of support as you perform the movement.



Training Tip #45

When setting up for the squat or deadlift, do not allow your foot to mush into the ground like melting ice cream.


Make a tripod with your foot by pressing the 3 parts shown below into the ground.

Not only will this build a solid foundation for your entire body, it will also enable you to drive your feet into the ground as you move the weight in the opposite direction. (Bless you Newton and your 3rd Law)




Training Tip #44 - Bench Press

Make sure your wrists and elbows remain directly under the bar or dumbbell when you bench press.

Not only does this allow for a more efficient movement, it also provides more support for the load during the entire range of motion.

Remember ... a stacked joint is a happy joint.



Training Tip #43 - The Prowler

When pushing The Prowler, ensure you are "pushing" the ground behind you as opposed to pounding your feet straight into the ground.

To achieve this, think about punching your knees forward throughout the movement.

You know you are doing it right if your front shin is low to the ground and your back leg is extended.



Training Tip #42 - Pull-Ups

On your last rep of a pull-up, don't free fall to the ground like you are on the Tower of Terror (see Training Tip #38).

Rather, lower yourself to the ground as slowly as possible.

This will not only increase your total time under tension, it will also help you capitalize on your body's ability to accept (eccentric portion) more load or tension than it can overcome (concentric portion).



Training Tip #41 - Mirrors

Do not look in the mirror while executing a lift in the gym, as it can be a source of distraction when trying to focus on muscle activation and contraction during a movement.

In addition, it could negatively impact your form if your head shifts along with your eye gaze during a range of motion.

Mirrors Should Be Reserved for Flexing Only
For those of you who believe you need to look in the mirror to ensure your form is correct, check out this quick note from T-Nation.

"Whenever you use the mirror, the image from the mirror reflects back to your retina and gets processed by your occipital lobe before the brain cognitively compares this image with the desired outcome, which requires further processing.

If you use the mirror to make corrections, by the time you've made the adjustments, the error has already transpired" - T-Nation

Training Tip #40 - Lat Pulldowns

When performing a lat pulldown, pull the bar to your sternum as opposed to your clavicle or your stomach. If the bar ends up at your belly button, you made a wrong turn somewhere in the gym and in life.


The best way to repeatedly make this happen is to make a HUGE chest before pulling the bar down, and then simultaneously try to drive that HUGE chest into the bar as you pull it down from the top of the rack.


Bonus Tip - When the rep is complete, don't let the bar slingshot back to the top of the rack. Control the bar so you are owning it up and down. (Or ... just follow Training Tip #38)

Training Tip #39 - Stretching

When performing a static stretch, try to remain as comfortable and relaxed as possible. For most athletes, the real goal of stretching is to speed up muscle recovery and improve flexibility.

The more strain you put on yourself during a static stretch, the less this will actually happen.



Training Tip #38 - Own the Movement

When performing the bench press, "Own the Movement" of the barbell.


"Own the Movement" is a fancy way of saying control the barbell during both the up and down phase of an exercise.

The descent of your bench press shouldn't look like something out of Disney's Tower of Terror.


This same concept can be applied to almost any other movement including squat, RDL's, dips, and even the dreaded bicep curl.


Training Tip #37 - Deadlifts

One of the best mental cues to help you drive your feet through the ground on the deadlift is to visualize making a footprint with your heel on the floor as you begin to pull the weight off the floor.




This should not be confused with the poem "Footprints in the Sand", but it could be just as helpful.




Training Tip #36 - Squats

When performing a barbell back squat, make sure your wrists are facing directly forward and your elbows are under your shoulders.


If your wrists are angled down towards the floor and your elbows flare backwards, your upper body will lean too far forward. The end result is usually a disengagement of your upper back and a rounding of your lower back.




Training Tip #35 - Deadlift

Your shins should be in the vertical position prior to moving the weight on your deadlift. If your shins have too much of a forward angle, it will force your shoulders to go over the bar and prevent you from pulling the bar back into your body at a 45 degree angle. (See Training Tip #7)



Training Tip #34 - Olympic Lifts

When performing "Olympic Lifts" like the clean or snatch, move your body into a position like the bow of a "bow and arrow".



This will enable a better pull into triple extension (Ankles-Knees-Hips) during the movement.







Training Tip #33 - Sumo Deadlift

When setting up for the sumo deadlift, ensure that your feet are NOT too wide.

If you cannot jump out of your bottom position, you need to tighten up your stance.




Training Tip #32 - Grip

After completing your last rep on your last set of max effort deadlifts, do not immediately place the barbell on the floor. Rather, hold the bar for as long as possible in order to build your grip strength.

Note: Do not do this on any other rep, as it will fatigue your hands and negatively impact the remainder of your max effort deadlift session.


Training Tip #31 - Bench Press

During the upward movement on the bench press, think about pushing yourself away from the bar as opposed to pushing the bar away from you.

This mental cue helps recruit the lats and triceps more, which in turn, enables a bigger bench press.



Training Tip #30 - Broad Jump (The Standing Long Jump)




When performing the broad jump, try to achieve a Take Off Angle of approximately 25 degrees from the floor.


If your angle is much higher (above 30 degrees), you will sacrifice distance for height.

If your angle is much lower (below 20 degrees), your feet will hit the ground well before your momentum has stopped.


Training Tip #29 - Reverse Lunges

During a reverse lunge, ensure the majority of weight remains on the front leg.

If you can hear your rear foot touching the ground, your weight has shifted back too far.




Training Tip #28 - Bench

In order to ensure you get the tightest grip possible on the bench press, squeeze with your pinkies first ... working your way all the way back to your thumbs and pointer fingers.

Doing so will guarantee that your entire hand is "breaking the bar".

If you are not "breaking the bar", don't even bother to un-rack the weight.



Training Tip #27 - Squat

Before you even think about taking the weight off the rack for a back squat, be sure to drive your neck (aka - "Pack Your Neck") into the barbell.

When you "pack your neck", you automatically engage your upper back and chest, which in turn, creates a very nice shelf for supporting the weight during your movement.





Training Tip #26 - Bench

When performing the bench press, never let your elbows go past the back of your torso as you are lowering the weight.

Not only will it put excessive strain on your shoulders, it will move you out the "braced" position required to move optimal weight.




Training Tip #25 - Deadlift

When setting up for the deadlift, never let your shoulders drift too far over the barbell.

Doing so will force you to pull the bar up, as opposed to the optimal 45 degree angle which was explained in Training Tip #7.

Shoulders are too far over the bar.

Rather, you should start your set-up by having your shoulders behind the barbell.

Shoulders behind the bar

Note: This is a very hard habit to break for offensive and defensive linemen.

Why?

Take a guess ...




Training Tip #24 - Bench

When performing the bench press, try to drive your heels into the ground as you move the weight up.

By doing so, you will drive your lats back into the bench - giving yourself a nice platform from which to push "yourself away from the weight".




Training Tip #23 - Deadlift

When performing the Deadlift, never start the movement by trying to pull the bar off the floor with your arms.

Rather, you should take advantage of Newton's 3rd Law and initiate the movement by pushing your feet through the ground - which will force your lower body to become heavily involved.

Even if your arms are as big as the guy's below, they will never be strong enough to pull massive weight on their own.

"For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction"
- Newton's 3rd Law of Motion



Training Tip #22 - Knees

When performing any single leg exercise, remember to drive off the outside of your foot, as opposed to the inside.

This mental cue will help keep the knee out of its weaker "valgus" position, where the knee is turns in laterally. (see the first image)

BAD - Knee Turned In (Valgus)


GOOD - Knee Pushed Out

As a coach or athlete, make sure this mental cue is constantly reinforced.




Training Tip #21 - Curls

When performing barbell curls, never let the bar simply fall back to the starting position.

Instead, actively pull the barbell back down as if you were trying to flex your triceps.
This will help you work both your agonist muscles (biceps) and antagonist muscles (triceps) during the same lift.




Training Tip #20 - Bench

As you lower the barbell during bench press, actively try to reach up with your chest in order to "meet" the bar on its way down.

Not only does this shorten your range of motion, it also forces you to pull your elbows in and tighten your glutes - both of which help optimize your pressing power.


Training Tip #19 - Recovery

When foam rolling, do not move over the roller back and forth at lightning speed (as if you were rolling out pizza dough).




To optimize your session, make an effort to roll slowly from one end of a body segment to the other. (See Tip #18)

What does "slowly" mean?

An example of "slowly" would be taking 20 seconds to roll from just below your hip to just above your knee.

Training Tip #18 - Recovery

When foam rolling, break your session into mini-segments such as the following:
  • from the shoulders to the hips
  • from the hips to the knees
  • from the calves to the ankle
Not only will it help you flush the "kinks" out, it will prevent you from having the roller move over your joints (hips, knees, ankles) - which will cause more harm then good.






Training Tip #17 - Nutrition

Try not to go to bed on an empty stomach.

Not only will it slow down muscle growth and recovery, it could also impact sleep quality to the point you wake up feeling exhausted.

Your best bet is to have a small amount of slow digesting protein like turkey or chicken.

This is not a small amount

If whole foods are not available, consume a protein supplement that is mostly composed of casein protein as opposed to whey.


Training Tip #16 - Squat

When performing a front squat, try to push your elbows up as you descend down.

By pushing the elbows up, your chest and upper middle back brace tight enough to create the perfect "shelf" to support the weight throughout your movement.

An added bonus is that it enables you to easily lead up with your chest as you come out of the hole. (see Training Tip #10)




Training Tip #15 - Bench 

Do not be in a rush to lower the bar after you un-rack it during barbell bench press.

Rather, ensure the barbell (and your entire body) are completely stabilized before you move an inch.
This should be done with your arms extended, your shoulders retracted, and our lower back arched.

After a full "one one-thousand" count in this position, you can then begin to lower the barbell.




Training Tip #14 - Technique 

When holding a dumbbell, grab it so that the knuckle of your thumb and the outside of your pointer finger touch the bottom of the lowest plate. (As seen in the photo below.)

This will allow you to control the dumbbell more easily and move heavier weight.



Training Tip #13 - Program Design 

Perform explosive movements (like jumps and plyometrics) at the earlier part of your training session.

If you wait until the end, you may be too fatigued to generate the maximum force necessary to optimize these movements.

Remember  F = ma.

If "a" is small, so is F.





Training Tip #12 - Nutrition

Contrary to the popular belief that you need a 100% protein shake right after your training session, I recommend you drink something with a 4:1 ratio of carbohydrates to protein. This ratio will allow insulin to quickly drive high concentrations of nutrients deep into your muscle cell.

(Please make sure you check with your physician before making changes to your current diet.)

If you trust supplements, I recommend you drink Surge Recovery from Biotest.



If you do not trust supplements, I recommend you drink organic chocolate milk.





Training Tip #11 - Speed 

When training for speed, stop the session as soon as you begin to feel fatigued.
The more fatigued you get, the more your form will begin to degrade and the less your body will explode into action.

Don't worry, this does not make you SOFT.

There is a time for conditioning and it is NOT during speed training.




Training Tip #10 - Squat 

As you come out of the hole on your squat, think about leading up with your chest first.

Not only will this stop you from falling forward, it will force you to push your feet through the ground on the way up. (This tip links perfectly with Training Tip #8)






Training Tip #9 - Bench

As you lower the bar during bench press, think about pulling your elbows into your torso.
This will prevent you from flaring your elbows and tearing a hole through one of your shoulders.


Nick King's Warm-Up Set



Training Tip #8 - Squat

Try to spread the floor with your feet as you come out of the base of your squat.
This will ensure that you activate your glutes and push off the ground properly.






"For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction"
- Newton's 3rd Law of Motion


Training Tip #7 - Deadlift

When performing a deadlift, visualize that you are trying to pull the barbell back at you at a 45 degree angle, as opposed to pulling it straight off the ground.

This will force you to keep your shoulders behind the bar on your set-up, as well as make you put more emphasis on driving your feet through the ground as you start your movement.





Training Tip #6 - Pull-Ups

When performing a pull-up, focus more on pulling yourself up with your elbows than with your hands.

This focus will automatically trigger your lats and help get you a few extra reps - which may help you get as jacked as the guy in the picture below.





Training Tip #5 - Squats

When performing a squat, never look down. (This even includes when you are walking out of the rack or setting up your stance.) As soon as you look down, you lose the position in your upper body required to properly brace yourself under the load of the bar.


Training Tip #4 - Chin-Ups

When performing a chin-up, focus more on bringing your chest to the bar as opposed to bringing your chin over the bar. This will prevent you from hyperextending your neck, which in turn, will keep you free from a great deal of neck pain.



Training Tip #3 - Push-Ups

When performing a push-up, make sure the inside of your arm is actually touching your torso. Imagine putting a piece of paper under your arm and not letting it fall out.

Don't look like this guy ...





Training Tip #2 - Curls

When performing curls with a barbell, keep your elbows tucked in tight and your hands out at a 45 degree angle from your body. This will reduce the stress that is normally felt when your hands are directly in line with your elbows.



Training Tip #1 - Rows

When performing a seated row, focus on pulling your elbows back and down as you move the weight towards your body.

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